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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright (C) 2010-2019 RhodeCode GmbH
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License, version 3
# (only), as published by the Free Software Foundation.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
# along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
# This program is dual-licensed. If you wish to learn more about the
# RhodeCode Enterprise Edition, including its added features, Support services,
# and proprietary license terms, please see https://rhodecode.com/licenses/
Authentication modules
import socket
import string
import colander
import copy
import logging
import time
import traceback
import warnings
import functools
from pyramid.threadlocal import get_current_registry
from rhodecode.authentication.interface import IAuthnPluginRegistry
from rhodecode.authentication.schema import AuthnPluginSettingsSchemaBase
from rhodecode.lib import rc_cache
from rhodecode.lib.auth import PasswordGenerator, _RhodeCodeCryptoBCrypt
from rhodecode.lib.utils2 import safe_int, safe_str
from rhodecode.lib.exceptions import LdapConnectionError, LdapUsernameError, \
from rhodecode.model.db import User
from rhodecode.model.meta import Session
from rhodecode.model.settings import SettingsModel
from rhodecode.model.user import UserModel
from rhodecode.model.user_group import UserGroupModel
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
# auth types that authenticate() function can receive
VCS_TYPE = 'vcs'
HTTP_TYPE = 'http'
external_auth_session_key = 'rhodecode.external_auth'
class hybrid_property(object):
a property decorator that works both for instance and class
def __init__(self, fget, fset=None, fdel=None, expr=None):
self.fget = fget
self.fset = fset
self.fdel = fdel
self.expr = expr or fget
functools.update_wrapper(self, fget)
def __get__(self, instance, owner):
if instance is None:
return self.expr(owner)
return self.fget(instance)
def __set__(self, instance, value):
self.fset(instance, value)
def __delete__(self, instance):
class LazyFormencode(object):
def __init__(self, formencode_obj, *args, **kwargs):
self.formencode_obj = formencode_obj
self.args = args
self.kwargs = kwargs
def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
from inspect import isfunction
formencode_obj = self.formencode_obj
if isfunction(formencode_obj):
# case we wrap validators into functions
formencode_obj = self.formencode_obj(*args, **kwargs)
return formencode_obj(*self.args, **self.kwargs)
class RhodeCodeAuthPluginBase(object):
# UID is used to register plugin to the registry
uid = None
# cache the authentication request for N amount of seconds. Some kind
# of authentication methods are very heavy and it's very efficient to cache
# the result of a call. If it's set to None (default) cache is off
auth_func_attrs = {
"username": "unique username",
"firstname": "first name",
"lastname": "last name",
"email": "email address",
"groups": '["list", "of", "groups"]',
'True|False defines if returned user groups should be synced',
"extern_name": "name in external source of record",
"extern_type": "type of external source of record",
"admin": 'True|False defines if user should be RhodeCode super admin',
'True|False defines active state of user internally for RhodeCode',
"True|False|None, active state from the external auth, "
"None means use definition from RhodeCode extern_type active value"
# set on authenticate() method and via set_auth_type func.
auth_type = None
# set on authenticate() method and via set_calling_scope_repo, this is a
# calling scope repository when doing authentication most likely on VCS
# operations
acl_repo_name = None
# List of setting names to store encrypted. Plugins may override this list
# to store settings encrypted.
_settings_encrypted = []
# Mapping of python to DB settings model types. Plugins may override or
# extend this mapping.
_settings_type_map = {
colander.String: 'unicode',
colander.Integer: 'int',
colander.Boolean: 'bool',
colander.List: 'list',
# list of keys in settings that are unsafe to be logged, should be passwords
# or other crucial credentials
_settings_unsafe_keys = []
def __init__(self, plugin_id):
self._plugin_id = plugin_id
def __str__(self):
return self.get_id()
def _get_setting_full_name(self, name):
Return the full setting name used for storing values in the database.
# TODO: johbo: Using the name here is problematic. It would be good to
# introduce either new models in the database to hold Plugin and
# PluginSetting or to use the plugin id here.
return 'auth_{}_{}'.format(self.name, name)
def _get_setting_type(self, name):
Return the type of a setting. This type is defined by the SettingsModel
and determines how the setting is stored in DB. Optionally the suffix
`.encrypted` is appended to instruct SettingsModel to store it
schema_node = self.get_settings_schema().get(name)
db_type = self._settings_type_map.get(
type(schema_node.typ), 'unicode')
if name in self._settings_encrypted:
db_type = '{}.encrypted'.format(db_type)
return db_type
def docs(cls):
Defines documentation url which helps with plugin setup
return ''
def icon(cls):
Defines ICON in SVG format for authentication method
return ''
def is_enabled(self):
Returns true if this plugin is enabled. An enabled plugin can be
configured in the admin interface but it is not consulted during
auth_plugins = SettingsModel().get_auth_plugins()
return self.get_id() in auth_plugins
def is_active(self, plugin_cached_settings=None):
Returns true if the plugin is activated. An activated plugin is
consulted during authentication, assumed it is also enabled.
return self.get_setting_by_name(
'enabled', plugin_cached_settings=plugin_cached_settings)
def get_id(self):
Returns the plugin id.
return self._plugin_id
def get_display_name(self):
Returns a translation string for displaying purposes.
raise NotImplementedError('Not implemented in base class')
def get_settings_schema(self):
Returns a colander schema, representing the plugin settings.
return AuthnPluginSettingsSchemaBase()
def get_settings(self):
Returns the plugin settings as dictionary.
settings = {}
raw_settings = SettingsModel().get_all_settings()
for node in self.get_settings_schema():
settings[node.name] = self.get_setting_by_name(
node.name, plugin_cached_settings=raw_settings)
return settings
def get_setting_by_name(self, name, default=None, plugin_cached_settings=None):
Returns a plugin setting by name.
full_name = 'rhodecode_{}'.format(self._get_setting_full_name(name))
if plugin_cached_settings:
plugin_settings = plugin_cached_settings
plugin_settings = SettingsModel().get_all_settings()
if full_name in plugin_settings:
return plugin_settings[full_name]
return default
def create_or_update_setting(self, name, value):
Create or update a setting for this plugin in the persistent storage.
full_name = self._get_setting_full_name(name)
type_ = self._get_setting_type(name)
db_setting = SettingsModel().create_or_update_setting(
full_name, value, type_)
return db_setting.app_settings_value
def log_safe_settings(self, settings):
returns a log safe representation of settings, without any secrets
settings_copy = copy.deepcopy(settings)
for k in self._settings_unsafe_keys:
if k in settings_copy:
del settings_copy[k]
return settings_copy
def name(self):
Returns the name of this authentication plugin.
:returns: string
raise NotImplementedError("Not implemented in base class")
def get_url_slug(self):
Returns a slug which should be used when constructing URLs which refer
to this plugin. By default it returns the plugin name. If the name is
not suitable for using it in an URL the plugin should override this
return self.name
def is_headers_auth(self):
Returns True if this authentication plugin uses HTTP headers as
authentication method.
return False
def is_container_auth(self):
Deprecated method that indicates if this authentication plugin uses
HTTP headers as authentication method.
'Use is_headers_auth instead.', category=DeprecationWarning)
return self.is_headers_auth
def allows_creating_users(self):
Defines if Plugin allows users to be created on-the-fly when
authentication is called. Controls how external plugins should behave
in terms if they are allowed to create new users, or not. Base plugins
should not be allowed to, but External ones should be !
:return: bool
return False
def set_auth_type(self, auth_type):
self.auth_type = auth_type
def set_calling_scope_repo(self, acl_repo_name):
self.acl_repo_name = acl_repo_name
def allows_authentication_from(
self, user, allows_non_existing_user=True,
allowed_auth_plugins=None, allowed_auth_sources=None):
Checks if this authentication module should accept a request for
the current user.
:param user: user object fetched using plugin's get_user() method.
:param allows_non_existing_user: if True, don't allow the
user to be empty, meaning not existing in our database
:param allowed_auth_plugins: if provided, users extern_type will be
checked against a list of provided extern types, which are plugin
auth_names in the end
:param allowed_auth_sources: authentication type allowed,
`http` or `vcs` default is both.
defines if plugin will accept only http authentication vcs
authentication(git/hg) or both
:returns: boolean
if not user and not allows_non_existing_user:
log.debug('User is empty but plugin does not allow empty users,'
'not allowed to authenticate')
return False
expected_auth_plugins = allowed_auth_plugins or [self.name]
if user and (user.extern_type and
user.extern_type not in expected_auth_plugins):
'User `%s` is bound to `%s` auth type. Plugin allows only '
'%s, skipping', user, user.extern_type, expected_auth_plugins)
return False
# by default accept both
expected_auth_from = allowed_auth_sources or [HTTP_TYPE, VCS_TYPE]
if self.auth_type not in expected_auth_from:
log.debug('Current auth source is %s but plugin only allows %s',
self.auth_type, expected_auth_from)
return False
return True
def get_user(self, username=None, **kwargs):
Helper method for user fetching in plugins, by default it's using
simple fetch by username, but this method can be custimized in plugins
eg. headers auth plugin to fetch user by environ params
:param username: username if given to fetch from database
:param kwargs: extra arguments needed for user fetching.
user = None
'Trying to fetch user `%s` from RhodeCode database', username)
if username:
user = User.get_by_username(username)
if not user:
log.debug('User not found, fallback to fetch user in '
'case insensitive mode')
user = User.get_by_username(username, case_insensitive=True)
log.debug('provided username:`%s` is empty skipping...', username)
if not user:
log.debug('User `%s` not found in database', username)
log.debug('Got DB user:%s', user)
return user
def user_activation_state(self):
Defines user activation state when creating new users
:returns: boolean
raise NotImplementedError("Not implemented in base class")
def auth(self, userobj, username, passwd, settings, **kwargs):
Given a user object (which may be null), username, a plaintext
password, and a settings object (containing all the keys needed as
listed in settings()), authenticate this user's login attempt.
Return None on failure. On success, return a dictionary of the form:
see: RhodeCodeAuthPluginBase.auth_func_attrs
This is later validated for correctness
raise NotImplementedError("not implemented in base class")
def _authenticate(self, userobj, username, passwd, settings, **kwargs):
Wrapper to call self.auth() that validates call on it
:param userobj: userobj
:param username: username
:param passwd: plaintext password
:param settings: plugin settings
auth = self.auth(userobj, username, passwd, settings, **kwargs)
if auth:
auth['_plugin'] = self.name
auth['_ttl_cache'] = self.get_ttl_cache(settings)
# check if hash should be migrated ?
new_hash = auth.get('_hash_migrate')
if new_hash:
self._migrate_hash_to_bcrypt(username, passwd, new_hash)
if 'user_group_sync' not in auth:
auth['user_group_sync'] = False
return self._validate_auth_return(auth)
return auth
def _migrate_hash_to_bcrypt(self, username, password, new_hash):
new_hash_cypher = _RhodeCodeCryptoBCrypt()
# extra checks, so make sure new hash is correct.
password_encoded = safe_str(password)
if new_hash and new_hash_cypher.hash_check(
password_encoded, new_hash):
cur_user = User.get_by_username(username)
cur_user.password = new_hash
log.info('Migrated user %s hash to bcrypt', cur_user)
def _validate_auth_return(self, ret):
if not isinstance(ret, dict):
raise Exception('returned value from auth must be a dict')
for k in self.auth_func_attrs:
if k not in ret:
raise Exception('Missing %s attribute from returned data' % k)
return ret
def get_ttl_cache(self, settings=None):
plugin_settings = settings or self.get_settings()
# we set default to 30, we make a compromise here,
# performance > security, mostly due to LDAP/SVN, majority
# of users pick cache_ttl to be enabled
from rhodecode.authentication import plugin_default_auth_ttl
cache_ttl = plugin_default_auth_ttl
if isinstance(self.AUTH_CACHE_TTL, (int, long)):
# plugin cache set inside is more important than the settings value
cache_ttl = self.AUTH_CACHE_TTL
elif plugin_settings.get('cache_ttl'):
cache_ttl = safe_int(plugin_settings.get('cache_ttl'), 0)
plugin_cache_active = bool(cache_ttl and cache_ttl > 0)
return plugin_cache_active, cache_ttl
class RhodeCodeExternalAuthPlugin(RhodeCodeAuthPluginBase):
def allows_creating_users(self):
return True
def use_fake_password(self):
Return a boolean that indicates whether or not we should set the user's
password to a random value when it is authenticated by this plugin.
If your plugin provides authentication, then you will generally
want this.
:returns: boolean
raise NotImplementedError("Not implemented in base class")
def _authenticate(self, userobj, username, passwd, settings, **kwargs):
# at this point _authenticate calls plugin's `auth()` function
auth = super(RhodeCodeExternalAuthPlugin, self)._authenticate(
userobj, username, passwd, settings, **kwargs)
if auth:
# maybe plugin will clean the username ?
# we should use the return value
username = auth['username']
# if external source tells us that user is not active, we should
# skip rest of the process. This can prevent from creating users in
# RhodeCode when using external authentication, but if it's
# inactive user we shouldn't create that user anyway
if auth['active_from_extern'] is False:
"User %s authenticated against %s, but is inactive",
username, self.__module__)
return None
cur_user = User.get_by_username(username, case_insensitive=True)
is_user_existing = cur_user is not None
if is_user_existing:
log.debug('Syncing user `%s` from '
'`%s` plugin', username, self.name)
log.debug('Creating non existing user `%s` from '
'`%s` plugin', username, self.name)
if self.allows_creating_users:
log.debug('Plugin `%s` allows to '
'create new users', self.name)
log.debug('Plugin `%s` does not allow to '
'create new users', self.name)
user_parameters = {
'username': username,
'email': auth["email"],
'firstname': auth["firstname"],
'lastname': auth["lastname"],
'active': auth["active"],
'admin': auth["admin"],
'extern_name': auth["extern_name"],
'extern_type': self.name,
'plugin': self,
'allow_to_create_user': self.allows_creating_users,
if not is_user_existing:
if self.use_fake_password():
# Randomize the PW because we don't need it, but don't want
# them blank either
passwd = PasswordGenerator().gen_password(length=16)
user_parameters['password'] = passwd
# Since the password is required by create_or_update method of
# UserModel, we need to set it explicitly.
# The create_or_update method is smart and recognises the
# password hashes as well.
user_parameters['password'] = cur_user.password
# we either create or update users, we also pass the flag
# that controls if this method can actually do that.
# raises NotAllowedToCreateUserError if it cannot, and we try to.
user = UserModel().create_or_update(**user_parameters)
# enforce user is just in given groups, all of them has to be ones
# created from plugins. We store this info in _group_data JSON
# field
if auth['user_group_sync']:
groups = auth['groups'] or []
'Performing user_group sync based on set `%s` '
'returned by `%s` plugin', groups, self.name)
UserGroupModel().enforce_groups(user, groups, self.name)
except Exception:
# for any reason group syncing fails, we should
# proceed with login
return auth
class AuthLdapBase(object):
def _build_servers(cls, ldap_server_type, ldap_server, port, use_resolver=True):
def host_resolver(host, port, full_resolve=True):
Main work for this function is to prevent ldap connection issues,
and detect them early using a "greenified" sockets
host = host.strip()
if not full_resolve:
return '{}:{}'.format(host, port)
log.debug('LDAP: Resolving IP for LDAP host %s', host)
ip = socket.gethostbyname(host)
log.debug('Got LDAP server %s ip %s', host, ip)
except Exception:
raise LdapConnectionError(
'Failed to resolve host: `{}`'.format(host))
log.debug('LDAP: Checking if IP %s is accessible', ip)
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((ip, int(port)))
except Exception:
raise LdapConnectionError(
'Failed to connect to host: `{}:{}`'.format(host, port))
return '{}:{}'.format(host, port)
if len(ldap_server) == 1:
# in case of single server use resolver to detect potential
# connection issues
full_resolve = True
full_resolve = False
return ', '.join(
host_resolver(host, port, full_resolve=use_resolver and full_resolve))
for host in ldap_server])
def _get_server_list(cls, servers):
return map(string.strip, servers.split(','))
def get_uid(cls, username, server_addresses):
uid = username
for server_addr in server_addresses:
uid = chop_at(username, "@%s" % server_addr)
return uid
def validate_username(cls, username):
if "," in username:
raise LdapUsernameError(
"invalid character `,` in username: `{}`".format(username))
def validate_password(cls, username, password):
if not password:
msg = "Authenticating user %s with blank password not allowed"
log.warning(msg, username)
raise LdapPasswordError(msg)
def loadplugin(plugin_id):
Loads and returns an instantiated authentication plugin.
Returns the RhodeCodeAuthPluginBase subclass on success,
or None on failure.
# TODO: Disusing pyramids thread locals to retrieve the registry.
authn_registry = get_authn_registry()
plugin = authn_registry.get_plugin(plugin_id)
if plugin is None:
log.error('Authentication plugin not found: "%s"', plugin_id)
return plugin
def get_authn_registry(registry=None):
registry = registry or get_current_registry()
authn_registry = registry.getUtility(IAuthnPluginRegistry)
return authn_registry
def authenticate(username, password, environ=None, auth_type=None,
skip_missing=False, registry=None, acl_repo_name=None):
Authentication function used for access control,
It tries to authenticate based on enabled authentication modules.
:param username: username can be empty for headers auth
:param password: password can be empty for headers auth
:param environ: environ headers passed for headers auth
:param auth_type: type of authentication, either `HTTP_TYPE` or `VCS_TYPE`
:param skip_missing: ignores plugins that are in db but not in environment
:returns: None if auth failed, plugin_user dict if auth is correct
if not auth_type or auth_type not in [HTTP_TYPE, VCS_TYPE]:
raise ValueError('auth type must be on of http, vcs got "%s" instead'
% auth_type)
headers_only = environ and not (username and password)
authn_registry = get_authn_registry(registry)
plugins_to_check = authn_registry.get_plugins_for_authentication()
log.debug('Starting ordered authentication chain using %s plugins',
[x.name for x in plugins_to_check])
for plugin in plugins_to_check:
if headers_only and not plugin.is_headers_auth:
log.debug('Auth type is for headers only and plugin `%s` is not '
'headers plugin, skipping...', plugin.get_id())
log.debug('Trying authentication using ** %s **', plugin.get_id())
# load plugin settings from RhodeCode database
plugin_settings = plugin.get_settings()
plugin_sanitized_settings = plugin.log_safe_settings(plugin_settings)
log.debug('Plugin `%s` settings:%s', plugin.get_id(), plugin_sanitized_settings)
# use plugin's method of user extraction.
user = plugin.get_user(username, environ=environ,
display_user = user.username if user else username
'Plugin %s extracted user is `%s`', plugin.get_id(), display_user)
if not plugin.allows_authentication_from(user):
log.debug('Plugin %s does not accept user `%s` for authentication',
plugin.get_id(), display_user)
log.debug('Plugin %s accepted user `%s` for authentication',
plugin.get_id(), display_user)
log.info('Authenticating user `%s` using %s plugin',
display_user, plugin.get_id())
plugin_cache_active, cache_ttl = plugin.get_ttl_cache(plugin_settings)
log.debug('AUTH_CACHE_TTL for plugin `%s` active: %s (TTL: %s)',
plugin.get_id(), plugin_cache_active, cache_ttl)
user_id = user.user_id if user else None
# don't cache for empty users
plugin_cache_active = plugin_cache_active and user_id
cache_namespace_uid = 'cache_user_auth.{}'.format(user_id)
region = rc_cache.get_or_create_region('cache_perms', cache_namespace_uid)
def compute_auth(
cache_name, plugin_name, username, password):
# _authenticate is a wrapper for .auth() method of plugin.
# it checks if .auth() sends proper data.
# For RhodeCodeExternalAuthPlugin it also maps users to
# Database and maps the attributes returned from .auth()
# to RhodeCode database. If this function returns data
# then auth is correct.
log.debug('Running plugin `%s` _authenticate method '
'using username and password', plugin.get_id())
return plugin._authenticate(
user, username, password, plugin_settings,
environ=environ or {})
start = time.time()
# for environ based auth, password can be empty, but then the validation is
# on the server that fills in the env data needed for authentication
plugin_user = compute_auth('auth', plugin.name, username, (password or ''))
auth_time = time.time() - start
log.debug('Authentication for plugin `%s` completed in %.4fs, '
'expiration time of fetched cache %.1fs.',
plugin.get_id(), auth_time, cache_ttl)
log.debug('PLUGIN USER DATA: %s', plugin_user)
if plugin_user:
log.debug('Plugin returned proper authentication data')
return plugin_user
# we failed to Auth because .auth() method didn't return proper user
log.debug("User `%s` failed to authenticate against %s",
display_user, plugin.get_id())
# case when we failed to authenticate against all defined plugins
return None
def chop_at(s, sub, inclusive=False):
"""Truncate string ``s`` at the first occurrence of ``sub``.
If ``inclusive`` is true, truncate just after ``sub`` rather than at it.
>>> chop_at("plutocratic brats", "rat")
>>> chop_at("plutocratic brats", "rat", True)
pos = s.find(sub)
if pos == -1:
return s
if inclusive:
return s[:pos+len(sub)]
return s[:pos]