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Configuring the Notebook and Server.ipynb
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/ examples / Notebook / Configuring the Notebook and Server.ipynb
Brian E. Granger
Creating overall structure and organization.
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Brian E. Granger
Working on notebook docs.
r17483 {
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r18669 "cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
Jonathan Frederic
A LOT OF CLEANUP IN examples/Notebook
r20536 "# Configuring the Notebook and Server"
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},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Configuring the IPython Notebook"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"The notebook web server can also be configured using IPython profiles and configuration files. The Notebook web server configuration options are set in a file named `ipython_notebook_config.py` in your IPython *profile directory*. The profile directory is a subfolder of your IPython directory, which itself is usually `.ipython` in your home directory.\n",
"\n",
"You can display the location of your default profile directory by running the command:"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "code",
Jonathan Frederic
A LOT OF CLEANUP IN examples/Notebook
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"collapsed": false
},
Jonathan Frederic
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"!ipython profile locate default"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"The default version of `ipython_notebook_config.py` lists all of the options available along with documentation for each. Changes made to that file will affect all notebook servers run under that profile. Command line options always override those set in configuration files.\n",
"\n",
"You can create a new profile:"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "code",
Jonathan Frederic
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Jonathan Frederic
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r18669 "source": [
"!ipython profile create my_profile"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"And then view its location:"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "code",
Jonathan Frederic
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"collapsed": false
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Jonathan Frederic
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r20536 "outputs": [],
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r18669 "source": [
"!ipython profile locate my_profile"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"To start the notebook server using a given profile, run the following:\n",
"\n",
" ipython notebook --profile=my_profile"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"More details about IPython configuration files and profiles can be found [here](http://ipython.org/ipython-doc/dev/config/intro.html)."
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Securing the notebook server"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"The IPython Notebook allows arbitrary code execution on the computer running it. Thus, the notebook web server should never be run on the open internet without first securing it. By default, the notebook server only listens on local network interface (`127.0.0.1`) There are two steps required to secure the notebook server:\n",
"\n",
"1. Setting a password\n",
"2. Encrypt network traffic using SSL"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"### Setting a password"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"You can protect your notebook server with a simple single password by setting the `NotebookApp.password` configurable. You can prepare a hashed password using the function `IPython.lib.passwd`:"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "code",
Jonathan Frederic
A LOT OF CLEANUP IN examples/Notebook
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"from IPython.lib import passwd\n",
"password = passwd(\"secret\")\n",
"password"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"You can then add this to your `ipython_notebook_config.py`:\n",
"\n",
"```python\n",
"# Password to use for web authentication\n",
"c = get_config()\n",
"c.NotebookApp.password = \n",
"u'sha1:6c2164fc2b22:ed55ecf07fc0f985ab46561483c0e888e8964ae6'\n",
"```"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"### Using SSL/HTTPS"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"When using a password, it is a good idea to also use SSL, so that your \n",
"password is not sent unencrypted by your browser to the web server. When running the notebook on the public internet this is absolutely required.\n",
"\n",
"The first step is to generate an SSL certificate. A self-signed certificate can be generated with ``openssl``. For example, the following command will create a certificate valid for 365 days with both the key and certificate data written to the same file:\n",
"\n",
" openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout mycert.pem -out mycert.pem\n",
"\n",
"In most cases, you should run this command in your profile directory, which will make it easy to use the generated key and certificate.\n",
"\n",
"When you connect to a notebook server over HTTPS using a self-signed certificate, your browser will warn you of a dangerous certificate because it is self-signed. If you want to have a fully compliant certificate that will not raise warnings, it is possible (but rather involved) to obtain one,\n",
"as explained in detail in [this tutorial](http://arstechnica.com/security/news/2009/12/how-to-get-set-with-a-secure-sertificate-for-free.ars)\n",
"\t\n",
"When you enable SSL support, you will need to access the notebook server over ``https://``, rather than plain ``http://``. The startup message from the notebook server prints the correct URL, but it is easy to overlook and think the server is for some reason non-responsive.\n",
"\n",
"Once you have generated the key and certificate, you can configure the notebook server to use them, by adding the following to `ipython_notebook_config.py`:\n",
"\n",
"```python\n",
"# The full path to an SSL/TLS certificate file.\n",
"c.NotebookApp.certfile = u'/Users/bgranger/.ipython/profile_my_profile/mycert.crt'\n",
"\n",
"# The full path to a private key file for usage with SSL/TLS.\n",
"c.NotebookApp.keyfile = u'/Users/bgranger/.ipython/profile_my_profile/mycert.key'\n",
"```"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Running a public notebook server"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"<div class=\"alert alert-error\">\n",
"Don't run a public notebook server unless you first secure it with a password and SSL/HTTPS as described above\n",
"</div>\n",
"\n",
"By default the notebook server only listens on the `localhost/127.0.0.1` network interface. If you want to connect to the notebook from another computers, or over the internet, you need to configure the notebook server to listen on all network interfaces and not open the browser. You will often also want to disable the automatic launching of the web browser.\n",
"\n",
"This can be accomplished by passing a command line options.\n",
"\n",
" ipython notebook --ip=* --no-browser\n",
"\n",
"You can also add the following to your`ipython_notebook_config.py` file:\n",
"\n",
"```python\n",
"c.NotebookApp.ip = '*'\n",
"c.NotebookApp.open_browser = False\n",
"```"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Running with a different URL prefix"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"The notebook dashboard typically lives at the URL `http://localhost:8888/tree`. If you prefer that it lives, together with the \n",
"rest of the notebook web application, under a base URL prefix, such as `http://localhost:8888/ipython/tree`, you can do so by adding the following lines to your `ipython_notebook_config.py` file.\n",
"\n",
"```python\n",
"c.NotebookApp.base_url = '/ipython/'\n",
"c.NotebookApp.webapp_settings = {'static_url_prefix':'/ipython/static/'}\n",
"```"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Using a different notebook store"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"By default, the notebook server stores the notebook documents that it saves as files in the working directory of the notebook server, also known as the\n",
"`notebook_dir`. This logic is implemented in the `FileNotebookManager` class. However, the server can be configured to use a different notebook manager class, which can store the notebooks in a different format. \n",
"\n",
"The [bookstore](https://github.com/rgbkrk/bookstore) package currently allows users to store notebooks on Rackspace CloudFiles or OpenStack Swift based object stores.\n",
"\n",
"Writing a notebook manager is as simple as extending the base class `NotebookManager`. The [simple_notebook_manager](https://github.com/khinsen/simple_notebook_manager) provides a great example\n",
"of an in memory notebook manager, created solely for the purpose of\n",
"illustrating the notebook manager API."
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"## Known issues"
]
},
{
"cell_type": "markdown",
"metadata": {},
"source": [
"When behind a proxy, especially if your system or browser is set to autodetect the proxy, the notebook web application might fail to connect to the server's websockets, and present you with a warning at startup. In this case, you need to configure your system not to use the proxy for the server's address.\n",
"\n",
"For example, in Firefox, go to the Preferences panel, Advanced section,\n",
"Network tab, click 'Settings...', and add the address of the notebook server\n",
"to the 'No proxy for' field."
]
Brian E. Granger
Working on notebook docs.
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"kernelspec": {
"display_name": "Python 3",
"language": "python",
"name": "python3"
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"name": "ipython",
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"file_extension": ".py",
"mimetype": "text/x-python",
"name": "python",
"nbconvert_exporter": "python",
"pygments_lexer": "ipython3",
Jonathan Frederic
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"nbformat_minor": 0
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