making prompt_tolkit history search configurable
making prompt_tolkit history search configurable

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Trapezoid Rule.ipynb
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/ examples / IPython Kernel / Trapezoid Rule.ipynb

# Basic Numerical Integration: the Trapezoid Rule¶

A simple illustration of the trapezoid rule for definite integration:

$$\int_{a}^{b} f(x)\, dx \approx \frac{1}{2} \sum_{k=1}^{N} \left( x_{k} - x_{k-1} \right) \left( f(x_{k}) + f(x_{k-1}) \right).$$
First, we define a simple function and sample it between 0 and 10 at 200 points

In [1]:
%matplotlib inline
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

In [2]:
def f(x):
return (x-3)*(x-5)*(x-7)+85

x = np.linspace(0, 10, 200)
y = f(x)


Choose a region to integrate over and take only a few points in that region

In [3]:
a, b = 1, 8 # the left and right boundaries
N = 5 # the number of points
xint = np.linspace(a, b, N)
yint = f(xint)


Plot both the function and the area below it in the trapezoid approximation

In [4]:
plt.plot(x, y, lw=2)
plt.axis([0, 9, 0, 140])
plt.fill_between(xint, 0, yint, facecolor='gray', alpha=0.4)
plt.text(0.5 * (a + b), 30,r"$\int_a^b f(x)dx$", horizontalalignment='center', fontsize=20);


Compute the integral both at high accuracy and with the trapezoid approximation

In [5]:
from __future__ import print_function

The integral is: 565.2499999999999 +/- 6.275535646693696e-12