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# encoding: utf-8
System command aliases.
* Fernando Perez
* Brian Granger
# Copyright (C) 2008-2010 The IPython Development Team
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD License.
# The full license is in the file COPYING.txt, distributed with this software.
# Imports
import __builtin__
import keyword
import os
import re
import sys
from IPython.config.configurable import Configurable
from IPython.core.splitinput import split_user_input
from IPython.utils.traitlets import List, Instance
from IPython.utils.autoattr import auto_attr
from IPython.utils.warn import warn, error
# Utilities
# This is used as the pattern for calls to split_user_input.
shell_line_split = re.compile(r'^(\s*)()(\S+)(.*$)')
def default_aliases():
"""Return list of shell aliases to auto-define.
# Note: the aliases defined here should be safe to use on a kernel
# regardless of what frontend it is attached to. Frontends that use a
# kernel in-process can define additional aliases that will only work in
# their case. For example, things like 'less' or 'clear' that manipulate
# the terminal should NOT be declared here, as they will only work if the
# kernel is running inside a true terminal, and not over the network.
if os.name == 'posix':
default_aliases = [('mkdir', 'mkdir'), ('rmdir', 'rmdir'),
('mv', 'mv -i'), ('rm', 'rm -i'), ('cp', 'cp -i'),
('cat', 'cat'),
# Useful set of ls aliases. The GNU and BSD options are a little
# different, so we make aliases that provide as similar as possible
# behavior in ipython, by passing the right flags for each platform
if sys.platform.startswith('linux'):
ls_aliases = [('ls', 'ls -F --color'),
# long ls
('ll', 'ls -F -o --color'),
# ls normal files only
('lf', 'ls -F -o --color %l | grep ^-'),
# ls symbolic links
('lk', 'ls -F -o --color %l | grep ^l'),
# directories or links to directories,
('ldir', 'ls -F -o --color %l | grep /$'),
# things which are executable
('lx', 'ls -F -o --color %l | grep ^-..x'),
# BSD, OSX, etc.
ls_aliases = [('ls', 'ls -F'),
# long ls
('ll', 'ls -F -l'),
# ls normal files only
('lf', 'ls -F -l %l | grep ^-'),
# ls symbolic links
('lk', 'ls -F -l %l | grep ^l'),
# directories or links to directories,
('ldir', 'ls -F -l %l | grep /$'),
# things which are executable
('lx', 'ls -F -l %l | grep ^-..x'),
default_aliases = default_aliases + ls_aliases
elif os.name in ['nt', 'dos']:
default_aliases = [('ls', 'dir /on'),
('ddir', 'dir /ad /on'), ('ldir', 'dir /ad /on'),
('mkdir', 'mkdir'), ('rmdir', 'rmdir'),
('echo', 'echo'), ('ren', 'ren'), ('copy', 'copy'),
default_aliases = []
return default_aliases
class AliasError(Exception):
class InvalidAliasError(AliasError):
# Main AliasManager class
class AliasManager(Configurable):
default_aliases = List(default_aliases(), config=True)
user_aliases = List(default_value=[], config=True)
shell = Instance('IPython.core.interactiveshell.InteractiveShellABC')
def __init__(self, shell=None, config=None):
super(AliasManager, self).__init__(shell=shell, config=config)
self.alias_table = {}
def __contains__(self, name):
return name in self.alias_table
def aliases(self):
return [(item[0], item[1][1]) for item in self.alias_table.iteritems()]
def exclude_aliases(self):
# set of things NOT to alias (keywords, builtins and some magics)
no_alias = set(['cd','popd','pushd','dhist','alias','unalias'])
self.no_alias = no_alias
def init_aliases(self):
# Load default aliases
for name, cmd in self.default_aliases:
self.soft_define_alias(name, cmd)
# Load user aliases
for name, cmd in self.user_aliases:
self.soft_define_alias(name, cmd)
def clear_aliases(self):
def soft_define_alias(self, name, cmd):
"""Define an alias, but don't raise on an AliasError."""
self.define_alias(name, cmd)
except AliasError, e:
error("Invalid alias: %s" % e)
def define_alias(self, name, cmd):
"""Define a new alias after validating it.
This will raise an :exc:`AliasError` if there are validation
nargs = self.validate_alias(name, cmd)
self.alias_table[name] = (nargs, cmd)
def undefine_alias(self, name):
if self.alias_table.has_key(name):
del self.alias_table[name]
def validate_alias(self, name, cmd):
"""Validate an alias and return the its number of arguments."""
if name in self.no_alias:
raise InvalidAliasError("The name %s can't be aliased "
"because it is a keyword or builtin." % name)
if not (isinstance(cmd, basestring)):
raise InvalidAliasError("An alias command must be a string, "
"got: %r" % cmd)
nargs = cmd.count('%s')
if nargs>0 and cmd.find('%l')>=0:
raise InvalidAliasError('The %s and %l specifiers are mutually '
'exclusive in alias definitions.')
return nargs
def call_alias(self, alias, rest=''):
"""Call an alias given its name and the rest of the line."""
cmd = self.transform_alias(alias, rest)
def transform_alias(self, alias,rest=''):
"""Transform alias to system command string."""
nargs, cmd = self.alias_table[alias]
if ' ' in cmd and os.path.isfile(cmd):
cmd = '"%s"' % cmd
# Expand the %l special to be the user's input line
if cmd.find('%l') >= 0:
cmd = cmd.replace('%l', rest)
rest = ''
if nargs==0:
# Simple, argument-less aliases
cmd = '%s %s' % (cmd, rest)
# Handle aliases with positional arguments
args = rest.split(None, nargs)
if len(args) < nargs:
raise AliasError('Alias <%s> requires %s arguments, %s given.' %
(alias, nargs, len(args)))
cmd = '%s %s' % (cmd % tuple(args[:nargs]),' '.join(args[nargs:]))
return cmd
def expand_alias(self, line):
""" Expand an alias in the command line
Returns the provided command line, possibly with the first word
(command) translated according to alias expansion rules.
[ipython]|16> _ip.expand_aliases("np myfile.txt")
<16> 'q:/opt/np/notepad++.exe myfile.txt'
pre,_,fn,rest = split_user_input(line)
res = pre + self.expand_aliases(fn, rest)
return res
def expand_aliases(self, fn, rest):
"""Expand multiple levels of aliases:
alias foo bar /tmp
alias baz foo
baz huhhahhei -> bar /tmp huhhahhei
line = fn + " " + rest
done = set()
while 1:
pre,_,fn,rest = split_user_input(line, shell_line_split)
if fn in self.alias_table:
if fn in done:
warn("Cyclic alias definition, repeated '%s'" % fn)
return ""
l2 = self.transform_alias(fn, rest)
if l2 == line:
# ls -> ls -F should not recurse forever
if l2.split(None,1)[0] == line.split(None,1)[0]:
line = l2
return line