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extensions.py
125 lines | 4.6 KiB | text/x-python | PythonLexer
# encoding: utf-8
"""A class for managing IPython extensions.
Authors:
* Brian Granger
"""
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (C) 2010 The IPython Development Team
#
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD License. The full license is in
# the file COPYING, distributed as part of this software.
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Imports
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
import os
import sys
from IPython.config.configurable import Configurable
from IPython.utils.traitlets import Instance
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Main class
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
class ExtensionManager(Configurable):
"""A class to manage IPython extensions.
An IPython extension is an importable Python module that has
a function with the signature::
def load_ipython_extension(ipython):
# Do things with ipython
This function is called after your extension is imported and the
currently active :class:`InteractiveShell` instance is passed as
the only argument. You can do anything you want with IPython at
that point, including defining new magic and aliases, adding new
components, etc.
The :func:`load_ipython_extension` will be called again is you
load or reload the extension again. It is up to the extension
author to add code to manage that.
You can put your extension modules anywhere you want, as long as
they can be imported by Python's standard import mechanism. However,
to make it easy to write extensions, you can also put your extensions
in ``os.path.join(self.ipython_dir, 'extensions')``. This directory
is added to ``sys.path`` automatically.
"""
shell = Instance('IPython.core.interactiveshell.InteractiveShellABC')
def __init__(self, shell=None, config=None):
super(ExtensionManager, self).__init__(shell=shell, config=config)
self.shell.on_trait_change(
self._on_ipython_dir_changed, 'ipython_dir'
)
def __del__(self):
self.shell.on_trait_change(
self._on_ipython_dir_changed, 'ipython_dir', remove=True
)
@property
def ipython_extension_dir(self):
return os.path.join(self.shell.ipython_dir, u'extensions')
def _on_ipython_dir_changed(self):
if not os.path.isdir(self.ipython_extension_dir):
os.makedirs(self.ipython_extension_dir, mode = 0777)
def load_extension(self, module_str):
"""Load an IPython extension by its module name.
If :func:`load_ipython_extension` returns anything, this function
will return that object.
"""
from IPython.utils.syspathcontext import prepended_to_syspath
if module_str not in sys.modules:
with prepended_to_syspath(self.ipython_extension_dir):
__import__(module_str)
mod = sys.modules[module_str]
return self._call_load_ipython_extension(mod)
def unload_extension(self, module_str):
"""Unload an IPython extension by its module name.
This function looks up the extension's name in ``sys.modules`` and
simply calls ``mod.unload_ipython_extension(self)``.
"""
if module_str in sys.modules:
mod = sys.modules[module_str]
self._call_unload_ipython_extension(mod)
def reload_extension(self, module_str):
"""Reload an IPython extension by calling reload.
If the module has not been loaded before,
:meth:`InteractiveShell.load_extension` is called. Otherwise
:func:`reload` is called and then the :func:`load_ipython_extension`
function of the module, if it exists is called.
"""
from IPython.utils.syspathcontext import prepended_to_syspath
with prepended_to_syspath(self.ipython_extension_dir):
if module_str in sys.modules:
mod = sys.modules[module_str]
reload(mod)
self._call_load_ipython_extension(mod)
else:
self.load_extension(module_str)
def _call_load_ipython_extension(self, mod):
if hasattr(mod, 'load_ipython_extension'):
return mod.load_ipython_extension(self.shell)
def _call_unload_ipython_extension(self, mod):
if hasattr(mod, 'unload_ipython_extension'):
return mod.unload_ipython_extension(self.shell)