Replace all import of IPython.utils.warn module
Replace all import of IPython.utils.warn module

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history.py
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""" History related magics and functionality """
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (C) 2010-2011 The IPython Development Team.
#
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD License.
#
# The full license is in the file COPYING.txt, distributed with this software.
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Imports
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
from __future__ import print_function
# Stdlib imports
import atexit
import datetime
import os
import re
try:
import sqlite3
except ImportError:
try:
from pysqlite2 import dbapi2 as sqlite3
except ImportError:
sqlite3 = None
import threading
# Our own packages
from traitlets.config.configurable import Configurable
from decorator import decorator
from IPython.utils.decorators import undoc
from IPython.utils.path import locate_profile
from IPython.utils import py3compat
from traitlets import (
Any, Bool, Dict, Instance, Integer, List, Unicode, TraitError,
)
from warnings import warn
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Classes and functions
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
@undoc
class DummyDB(object):
"""Dummy DB that will act as a black hole for history.
Only used in the absence of sqlite"""
def execute(*args, **kwargs):
return []
def commit(self, *args, **kwargs):
pass
def __enter__(self, *args, **kwargs):
pass
def __exit__(self, *args, **kwargs):
pass
@decorator
def needs_sqlite(f, self, *a, **kw):
"""Decorator: return an empty list in the absence of sqlite."""
if sqlite3 is None or not self.enabled:
return []
else:
return f(self, *a, **kw)
if sqlite3 is not None:
DatabaseError = sqlite3.DatabaseError
OperationalError = sqlite3.OperationalError
else:
@undoc
class DatabaseError(Exception):
"Dummy exception when sqlite could not be imported. Should never occur."
@undoc
class OperationalError(Exception):
"Dummy exception when sqlite could not be imported. Should never occur."
@decorator
def catch_corrupt_db(f, self, *a, **kw):
"""A decorator which wraps HistoryAccessor method calls to catch errors from
a corrupt SQLite database, move the old database out of the way, and create
a new one.
"""
try:
return f(self, *a, **kw)
except (DatabaseError, OperationalError):
if os.path.isfile(self.hist_file):
# Try to move the file out of the way
base,ext = os.path.splitext(self.hist_file)
newpath = base + '-corrupt' + ext
os.rename(self.hist_file, newpath)
self.init_db()
print("ERROR! History file wasn't a valid SQLite database.",
"It was moved to %s" % newpath, "and a new file created.")
return []
else:
# The hist_file is probably :memory: or something else.
raise
class HistoryAccessorBase(Configurable):
"""An abstract class for History Accessors """
def get_tail(self, n=10, raw=True, output=False, include_latest=False):
raise NotImplementedError
def search(self, pattern="*", raw=True, search_raw=True,
output=False, n=None, unique=False):
raise NotImplementedError
def get_range(self, session, start=1, stop=None, raw=True,output=False):
raise NotImplementedError
def get_range_by_str(self, rangestr, raw=True, output=False):
raise NotImplementedError
class HistoryAccessor(HistoryAccessorBase):
"""Access the history database without adding to it.
This is intended for use by standalone history tools. IPython shells use
HistoryManager, below, which is a subclass of this."""
# String holding the path to the history file
hist_file = Unicode(config=True,
help="""Path to file to use for SQLite history database.
By default, IPython will put the history database in the IPython
profile directory. If you would rather share one history among
profiles, you can set this value in each, so that they are consistent.
Due to an issue with fcntl, SQLite is known to misbehave on some NFS
mounts. If you see IPython hanging, try setting this to something on a
local disk, e.g::
ipython --HistoryManager.hist_file=/tmp/ipython_hist.sqlite
""")
enabled = Bool(True, config=True,
help="""enable the SQLite history
set enabled=False to disable the SQLite history,
in which case there will be no stored history, no SQLite connection,
and no background saving thread. This may be necessary in some
threaded environments where IPython is embedded.
"""
)
connection_options = Dict(config=True,
help="""Options for configuring the SQLite connection
These options are passed as keyword args to sqlite3.connect
when establishing database conenctions.
"""
)
# The SQLite database
db = Any()
def _db_changed(self, name, old, new):
"""validate the db, since it can be an Instance of two different types"""
connection_types = (DummyDB,)
if sqlite3 is not None:
connection_types = (DummyDB, sqlite3.Connection)
if not isinstance(new, connection_types):
msg = "%s.db must be sqlite3 Connection or DummyDB, not %r" % \
(self.__class__.__name__, new)
raise TraitError(msg)
def __init__(self, profile='default', hist_file=u'', **traits):
"""Create a new history accessor.
Parameters
----------
profile : str
The name of the profile from which to open history.
hist_file : str
Path to an SQLite history database stored by IPython. If specified,
hist_file overrides profile.
config : :class:`~traitlets.config.loader.Config`
Config object. hist_file can also be set through this.
"""
# We need a pointer back to the shell for various tasks.
super(HistoryAccessor, self).__init__(**traits)
# defer setting hist_file from kwarg until after init,
# otherwise the default kwarg value would clobber any value
# set by config
if hist_file:
self.hist_file = hist_file
if self.hist_file == u'':
# No one has set the hist_file, yet.
self.hist_file = self._get_hist_file_name(profile)
if sqlite3 is None and self.enabled:
warn("IPython History requires SQLite, your history will not be saved")
self.enabled = False
self.init_db()
def _get_hist_file_name(self, profile='default'):
"""Find the history file for the given profile name.
This is overridden by the HistoryManager subclass, to use the shell's
active profile.
Parameters
----------
profile : str
The name of a profile which has a history file.
"""
return os.path.join(locate_profile(profile), 'history.sqlite')
@catch_corrupt_db
def init_db(self):
"""Connect to the database, and create tables if necessary."""
if not self.enabled:
self.db = DummyDB()
return
# use detect_types so that timestamps return datetime objects
kwargs = dict(detect_types=sqlite3.PARSE_DECLTYPES|sqlite3.PARSE_COLNAMES)
kwargs.update(self.connection_options)
self.db = sqlite3.connect(self.hist_file, **kwargs)
self.db.execute("""CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS sessions (session integer
primary key autoincrement, start timestamp,
end timestamp, num_cmds integer, remark text)""")
self.db.execute("""CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS history
(session integer, line integer, source text, source_raw text,
PRIMARY KEY (session, line))""")
# Output history is optional, but ensure the table's there so it can be
# enabled later.
self.db.execute("""CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS output_history
(session integer, line integer, output text,
PRIMARY KEY (session, line))""")
self.db.commit()
def writeout_cache(self):
"""Overridden by HistoryManager to dump the cache before certain
database lookups."""
pass
## -------------------------------
## Methods for retrieving history:
## -------------------------------
def _run_sql(self, sql, params, raw=True, output=False):
"""Prepares and runs an SQL query for the history database.
Parameters
----------
sql : str
Any filtering expressions to go after SELECT ... FROM ...
params : tuple
Parameters passed to the SQL query (to replace "?")
raw, output : bool
See :meth:`get_range`
Returns
-------
Tuples as :meth:`get_range`
"""
toget = 'source_raw' if raw else 'source'
sqlfrom = "history"
if output:
sqlfrom = "history LEFT JOIN output_history USING (session, line)"
toget = "history.%s, output_history.output" % toget
cur = self.db.execute("SELECT session, line, %s FROM %s " %\
(toget, sqlfrom) + sql, params)
if output: # Regroup into 3-tuples, and parse JSON
return ((ses, lin, (inp, out)) for ses, lin, inp, out in cur)
return cur
@needs_sqlite
@catch_corrupt_db
def get_session_info(self, session):
"""Get info about a session.
Parameters
----------
session : int
Session number to retrieve.
Returns
-------
session_id : int
Session ID number
start : datetime
Timestamp for the start of the session.
end : datetime
Timestamp for the end of the session, or None if IPython crashed.
num_cmds : int
Number of commands run, or None if IPython crashed.
remark : unicode
A manually set description.
"""
query = "SELECT * from sessions where session == ?"
return self.db.execute(query, (session,)).fetchone()
@catch_corrupt_db
def get_last_session_id(self):
"""Get the last session ID currently in the database.
Within IPython, this should be the same as the value stored in
:attr:`HistoryManager.session_number`.
"""
for record in self.get_tail(n=1, include_latest=True):
return record[0]
@catch_corrupt_db
def get_tail(self, n=10, raw=True, output=False, include_latest=False):
"""Get the last n lines from the history database.
Parameters
----------
n : int
The number of lines to get
raw, output : bool
See :meth:`get_range`
include_latest : bool
If False (default), n+1 lines are fetched, and the latest one
is discarded. This is intended to be used where the function
is called by a user command, which it should not return.
Returns
-------
Tuples as :meth:`get_range`
"""
self.writeout_cache()
if not include_latest:
n += 1
cur = self._run_sql("ORDER BY session DESC, line DESC LIMIT ?",
(n,), raw=raw, output=output)
if not include_latest:
return reversed(list(cur)[1:])
return reversed(list(cur))
@catch_corrupt_db
def search(self, pattern="*", raw=True, search_raw=True,
output=False, n=None, unique=False):
"""Search the database using unix glob-style matching (wildcards
* and ?).
Parameters
----------
pattern : str
The wildcarded pattern to match when searching
search_raw : bool
If True, search the raw input, otherwise, the parsed input
raw, output : bool
See :meth:`get_range`
n : None or int
If an integer is given, it defines the limit of
returned entries.
unique : bool
When it is true, return only unique entries.
Returns
-------
Tuples as :meth:`get_range`
"""
tosearch = "source_raw" if search_raw else "source"
if output:
tosearch = "history." + tosearch
self.writeout_cache()
sqlform = "WHERE %s GLOB ?" % tosearch
params = (pattern,)
if unique:
sqlform += ' GROUP BY {0}'.format(tosearch)
if n is not None:
sqlform += " ORDER BY session DESC, line DESC LIMIT ?"
params += (n,)
elif unique:
sqlform += " ORDER BY session, line"
cur = self._run_sql(sqlform, params, raw=raw, output=output)
if n is not None:
return reversed(list(cur))
return cur
@catch_corrupt_db
def get_range(self, session, start=1, stop=None, raw=True,output=False):
"""Retrieve input by session.
Parameters
----------
session : int
Session number to retrieve.
start : int
First line to retrieve.
stop : int
End of line range (excluded from output itself). If None, retrieve
to the end of the session.
raw : bool
If True, return untranslated input
output : bool
If True, attempt to include output. This will be 'real' Python
objects for the current session, or text reprs from previous
sessions if db_log_output was enabled at the time. Where no output
is found, None is used.
Returns
-------
entries
An iterator over the desired lines. Each line is a 3-tuple, either
(session, line, input) if output is False, or
(session, line, (input, output)) if output is True.
"""
if stop:
lineclause = "line >= ? AND line < ?"
params = (session, start, stop)
else:
lineclause = "line>=?"
params = (session, start)
return self._run_sql("WHERE session==? AND %s" % lineclause,
params, raw=raw, output=output)
def get_range_by_str(self, rangestr, raw=True, output=False):
"""Get lines of history from a string of ranges, as used by magic
commands %hist, %save, %macro, etc.
Parameters
----------
rangestr : str
A string specifying ranges, e.g. "5 ~2/1-4". See
:func:`magic_history` for full details.
raw, output : bool
As :meth:`get_range`
Returns
-------
Tuples as :meth:`get_range`
"""
for sess, s, e in extract_hist_ranges(rangestr):
for line in self.get_range(sess, s, e, raw=raw, output=output):
yield line
class HistoryManager(HistoryAccessor):
"""A class to organize all history-related functionality in one place.
"""
# Public interface
# An instance of the IPython shell we are attached to
shell = Instance('IPython.core.interactiveshell.InteractiveShellABC',
allow_none=True)
# Lists to hold processed and raw history. These start with a blank entry
# so that we can index them starting from 1
input_hist_parsed = List([""])
input_hist_raw = List([""])
# A list of directories visited during session
dir_hist = List()
def _dir_hist_default(self):
try:
return [py3compat.getcwd()]
except OSError:
return []
# A dict of output history, keyed with ints from the shell's
# execution count.
output_hist = Dict()
# The text/plain repr of outputs.
output_hist_reprs = Dict()
# The number of the current session in the history database
session_number = Integer()
db_log_output = Bool(False, config=True,
help="Should the history database include output? (default: no)"
)
db_cache_size = Integer(0, config=True,
help="Write to database every x commands (higher values save disk access & power).\n"
"Values of 1 or less effectively disable caching."
)
# The input and output caches
db_input_cache = List()
db_output_cache = List()
# History saving in separate thread
save_thread = Instance('IPython.core.history.HistorySavingThread',
allow_none=True)
try: # Event is a function returning an instance of _Event...
save_flag = Instance(threading._Event, allow_none=True)
except AttributeError: # ...until Python 3.3, when it's a class.
save_flag = Instance(threading.Event, allow_none=True)
# Private interface
# Variables used to store the three last inputs from the user. On each new
# history update, we populate the user's namespace with these, shifted as
# necessary.
_i00 = Unicode(u'')
_i = Unicode(u'')
_ii = Unicode(u'')
_iii = Unicode(u'')
# A regex matching all forms of the exit command, so that we don't store
# them in the history (it's annoying to rewind the first entry and land on
# an exit call).
_exit_re = re.compile(r"(exit|quit)(\s*\(.*\))?$")
def __init__(self, shell=None, config=None, **traits):
"""Create a new history manager associated with a shell instance.
"""
# We need a pointer back to the shell for various tasks.
super(HistoryManager, self).__init__(shell=shell, config=config,
**traits)
self.save_flag = threading.Event()
self.db_input_cache_lock = threading.Lock()
self.db_output_cache_lock = threading.Lock()
try:
self.new_session()
except OperationalError:
self.log.error("Failed to create history session in %s. History will not be saved.",
self.hist_file, exc_info=True)
self.hist_file = ':memory:'
if self.enabled and self.hist_file != ':memory:':
self.save_thread = HistorySavingThread(self)
self.save_thread.start()
def _get_hist_file_name(self, profile=None):
"""Get default history file name based on the Shell's profile.
The profile parameter is ignored, but must exist for compatibility with
the parent class."""
profile_dir = self.shell.profile_dir.location
return os.path.join(profile_dir, 'history.sqlite')
@needs_sqlite
def new_session(self, conn=None):
"""Get a new session number."""
if conn is None:
conn = self.db
with conn:
cur = conn.execute("""INSERT INTO sessions VALUES (NULL, ?, NULL,
NULL, "") """, (datetime.datetime.now(),))
self.session_number = cur.lastrowid
def end_session(self):
"""Close the database session, filling in the end time and line count."""
self.writeout_cache()
with self.db:
self.db.execute("""UPDATE sessions SET end=?, num_cmds=? WHERE
session==?""", (datetime.datetime.now(),
len(self.input_hist_parsed)-1, self.session_number))
self.session_number = 0
def name_session(self, name):
"""Give the current session a name in the history database."""
with self.db:
self.db.execute("UPDATE sessions SET remark=? WHERE session==?",
(name, self.session_number))
def reset(self, new_session=True):
"""Clear the session history, releasing all object references, and
optionally open a new session."""
self.output_hist.clear()
# The directory history can't be completely empty
self.dir_hist[:] = [py3compat.getcwd()]
if new_session:
if self.session_number:
self.end_session()
self.input_hist_parsed[:] = [""]
self.input_hist_raw[:] = [""]
self.new_session()
# ------------------------------
# Methods for retrieving history
# ------------------------------
def get_session_info(self, session=0):
"""Get info about a session.
Parameters
----------
session : int
Session number to retrieve. The current session is 0, and negative
numbers count back from current session, so -1 is the previous session.
Returns
-------
session_id : int
Session ID number
start : datetime
Timestamp for the start of the session.
end : datetime
Timestamp for the end of the session, or None if IPython crashed.
num_cmds : int
Number of commands run, or None if IPython crashed.
remark : unicode
A manually set description.
"""
if session <= 0:
session += self.session_number
return super(HistoryManager, self).get_session_info(session=session)
def _get_range_session(self, start=1, stop=None, raw=True, output=False):
"""Get input and output history from the current session. Called by
get_range, and takes similar parameters."""
input_hist = self.input_hist_raw if raw else self.input_hist_parsed
n = len(input_hist)
if start < 0:
start += n
if not stop or (stop > n):
stop = n
elif stop < 0:
stop += n
for i in range(start, stop):
if output:
line = (input_hist[i], self.output_hist_reprs.get(i))
else:
line = input_hist[i]
yield (0, i, line)
def get_range(self, session=0, start=1, stop=None, raw=True,output=False):
"""Retrieve input by session.
Parameters
----------
session : int
Session number to retrieve. The current session is 0, and negative
numbers count back from current session, so -1 is previous session.
start : int
First line to retrieve.
stop : int
End of line range (excluded from output itself). If None, retrieve
to the end of the session.
raw : bool
If True, return untranslated input
output : bool
If True, attempt to include output. This will be 'real' Python
objects for the current session, or text reprs from previous
sessions if db_log_output was enabled at the time. Where no output
is found, None is used.
Returns
-------
entries
An iterator over the desired lines. Each line is a 3-tuple, either
(session, line, input) if output is False, or
(session, line, (input, output)) if output is True.
"""
if session <= 0:
session += self.session_number
if session==self.session_number: # Current session
return self._get_range_session(start, stop, raw, output)
return super(HistoryManager, self).get_range(session, start, stop, raw,
output)
## ----------------------------
## Methods for storing history:
## ----------------------------
def store_inputs(self, line_num, source, source_raw=None):
"""Store source and raw input in history and create input cache
variables ``_i*``.
Parameters
----------
line_num : int
The prompt number of this input.
source : str
Python input.
source_raw : str, optional
If given, this is the raw input without any IPython transformations
applied to it. If not given, ``source`` is used.
"""
if source_raw is None:
source_raw = source
source = source.rstrip('\n')
source_raw = source_raw.rstrip('\n')
# do not store exit/quit commands
if self._exit_re.match(source_raw.strip()):
return
self.input_hist_parsed.append(source)
self.input_hist_raw.append(source_raw)
with self.db_input_cache_lock:
self.db_input_cache.append((line_num, source, source_raw))
# Trigger to flush cache and write to DB.
if len(self.db_input_cache) >= self.db_cache_size:
self.save_flag.set()
# update the auto _i variables
self._iii = self._ii
self._ii = self._i
self._i = self._i00
self._i00 = source_raw
# hackish access to user namespace to create _i1,_i2... dynamically
new_i = '_i%s' % line_num
to_main = {'_i': self._i,
'_ii': self._ii,
'_iii': self._iii,
new_i : self._i00 }
if self.shell is not None:
self.shell.push(to_main, interactive=False)
def store_output(self, line_num):
"""If database output logging is enabled, this saves all the
outputs from the indicated prompt number to the database. It's
called by run_cell after code has been executed.
Parameters
----------
line_num : int
The line number from which to save outputs
"""
if (not self.db_log_output) or (line_num not in self.output_hist_reprs):
return
output = self.output_hist_reprs[line_num]
with self.db_output_cache_lock:
self.db_output_cache.append((line_num, output))
if self.db_cache_size <= 1:
self.save_flag.set()
def _writeout_input_cache(self, conn):
with conn:
for line in self.db_input_cache:
conn.execute("INSERT INTO history VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?)",
(self.session_number,)+line)
def _writeout_output_cache(self, conn):
with conn:
for line in self.db_output_cache:
conn.execute("INSERT INTO output_history VALUES (?, ?, ?)",
(self.session_number,)+line)
@needs_sqlite
def writeout_cache(self, conn=None):
"""Write any entries in the cache to the database."""
if conn is None:
conn = self.db
with self.db_input_cache_lock:
try:
self._writeout_input_cache(conn)
except sqlite3.IntegrityError:
self.new_session(conn)
print("ERROR! Session/line number was not unique in",
"database. History logging moved to new session",
self.session_number)
try:
# Try writing to the new session. If this fails, don't
# recurse
self._writeout_input_cache(conn)
except sqlite3.IntegrityError:
pass
finally:
self.db_input_cache = []
with self.db_output_cache_lock:
try:
self._writeout_output_cache(conn)
except sqlite3.IntegrityError:
print("!! Session/line number for output was not unique",
"in database. Output will not be stored.")
finally:
self.db_output_cache = []
class HistorySavingThread(threading.Thread):
"""This thread takes care of writing history to the database, so that
the UI isn't held up while that happens.
It waits for the HistoryManager's save_flag to be set, then writes out
the history cache. The main thread is responsible for setting the flag when
the cache size reaches a defined threshold."""
daemon = True
stop_now = False
enabled = True
def __init__(self, history_manager):
super(HistorySavingThread, self).__init__(name="IPythonHistorySavingThread")
self.history_manager = history_manager
self.enabled = history_manager.enabled
atexit.register(self.stop)
@needs_sqlite
def run(self):
# We need a separate db connection per thread:
try:
self.db = sqlite3.connect(self.history_manager.hist_file,
**self.history_manager.connection_options
)
while True:
self.history_manager.save_flag.wait()
if self.stop_now:
self.db.close()
return
self.history_manager.save_flag.clear()
self.history_manager.writeout_cache(self.db)
except Exception as e:
print(("The history saving thread hit an unexpected error (%s)."
"History will not be written to the database.") % repr(e))
def stop(self):
"""This can be called from the main thread to safely stop this thread.
Note that it does not attempt to write out remaining history before
exiting. That should be done by calling the HistoryManager's
end_session method."""
self.stop_now = True
self.history_manager.save_flag.set()
self.join()
# To match, e.g. ~5/8-~2/3
range_re = re.compile(r"""
((?P<startsess>~?\d+)/)?
(?P<start>\d+)?
((?P<sep>[\-:])
((?P<endsess>~?\d+)/)?
(?P<end>\d+))?
$""", re.VERBOSE)
def extract_hist_ranges(ranges_str):
"""Turn a string of history ranges into 3-tuples of (session, start, stop).
Examples
--------
>>> list(extract_hist_ranges("~8/5-~7/4 2"))
[(-8, 5, None), (-7, 1, 5), (0, 2, 3)]
"""
for range_str in ranges_str.split():
rmatch = range_re.match(range_str)
if not rmatch:
continue
start = rmatch.group("start")
if start:
start = int(start)
end = rmatch.group("end")
# If no end specified, get (a, a + 1)
end = int(end) if end else start + 1
else: # start not specified
if not rmatch.group('startsess'): # no startsess
continue
start = 1
end = None # provide the entire session hist
if rmatch.group("sep") == "-": # 1-3 == 1:4 --> [1, 2, 3]
end += 1
startsess = rmatch.group("startsess") or "0"
endsess = rmatch.group("endsess") or startsess
startsess = int(startsess.replace("~","-"))
endsess = int(endsess.replace("~","-"))
assert endsess >= startsess, "start session must be earlier than end session"
if endsess == startsess:
yield (startsess, start, end)
continue
# Multiple sessions in one range:
yield (startsess, start, None)
for sess in range(startsess+1, endsess):
yield (sess, 1, None)
yield (endsess, 1, end)
def _format_lineno(session, line):
"""Helper function to format line numbers properly."""
if session == 0:
return str(line)
return "%s#%s" % (session, line)